Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 168-170

18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography in a case of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor: An unusual presentation

1 Department of PET Imaging, Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, ESIPGIMSR, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Maria M D'souza
Department of PET Imaging, Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, Brig. SK Majumdar Marg, New Delhi 110 054
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-3919.119551

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Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are rare tumors, with an estimated incidence of 0.1/100,000/year. They are regarded as a rare variety of soft-tissue sarcomas that derive from peripheral nerves or from cells associated with the nerve sheath. Until 50% of observed MPNSTs occur in patients with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1). The typical presenting signs and symptoms of a PNST are a palpable mass involving a peripheral nerve, loss of nerve function and/or pain. Recently, positron emission tomography (PET) has been used to detect 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in these tumors. Most of the PET studies have been reported in patients with NF1. We report a case of sporadic MPNST masquerading as infectious dermatoses, with an unusual PET/computed tomography presentation.

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