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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 140-145

Effect of duration of fasting and diet on the myocardial uptake of F-18-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) at rest

Department of Nuclear Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Chetan D Patel
B-54, South Extension Part-1, New Delhi - 110 049
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-3919.136559

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Context: Patterns of myocardial fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) uptake with respect to duration of fasting and dietary modifications. Aim: We observed the effect of duration of fasting and diet on the myocardial uptake pattern of F-18 FDG in patients routinely referred for oncological evaluation and no previous history of Coronary Artery Disease ( CAD). Settings and Design: Prospective study. Subjects and Methods: A total of 153 patients (M: 81, F: 72; mean age: 47 ± 15 years; mean blood glucose level (mBG) 105 ± 23 mg/dl) were randomly divided in three groups. Group A: 4-6 h fasting; Group B: Overnight fasting (12-14 h); Group C: Low carbohydrate and fat rich diet for 2 days coupled with overnight fasting prior to the positron emission tomography (PET) scan. FDG uptake was classified as following: 1) homogeneous uptake, 2) heterogeneous uptake, and 3) 'no uptake' in the left ventricular (LV) myocardium. FDG PET study was performed as standard protocol for oncological conditions. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics, Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test, and Spearman's rank correlation tests were applied. Results: We observed the 'no uptake' pattern in five (10%), 28 (55%), and 39 (77%), 'heterogeneous' pattern in 20 (39%), 14 (28%), and seven (14%), and 'homogeneous' pattern in 26 (51%), nine (18%), and five (10%) patients in Group A, B, and C, respectively. There was statistically significant difference of myocardial uptake pattern between group A and B (P < 0.0001), between group A and C (P < 0.0001), and between Group B and C (P = 0.023). The mBG was 102, 105, and 111 mg/dl in 'no uptake', heterogeneous, and homogeneous uptake pattern, respectively, (P = 0.103). Also, within each group the mBG was not related to the uptake pattern. Conclusion: Both restricted diet and duration of fasting play an important role in determining the pattern and suppression of myocardial F-18 FDG uptake. Overnight fasting and restricted diet together suppress myocardial FDG uptake more than overnight fasting alone, which suppresses uptake more than 4-h fasting.

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