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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 203  

Dosimetry of internal emitters in nuclear medicine and radiation protection

Dept of Nuclear Medicine and PET, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon, Haryana, India

Date of Web Publication11-Jul-2014

Correspondence Address:
Gauri Shankar Pant
Dept of Nuclear Medicine and PET, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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How to cite this article:
Pant GS. Dosimetry of internal emitters in nuclear medicine and radiation protection. Indian J Nucl Med 2014;29:203

How to cite this URL:
Pant GS. Dosimetry of internal emitters in nuclear medicine and radiation protection. Indian J Nucl Med [serial online] 2014 [cited 2022 Jan 25];29:203. Available from:

Authors: Dr. A. R. Reddy, Dr. S. C. Jain

Publishers: DRDO, Ministry of Defence, Delhi, India

Year of Publication: 2011

Pages: 312

Price: INR 450/US $55

Dosimetry of internal emitters has been one of the important topics to be studied in clinical nuclear medicine, biomedical research and radiation protection. The use of radionuclides/radiopharmaceuticals has been growing rapidly over the years due to their efficacy in clinical diagnosis and therapy. The authors have kept in mind the needs of the readers and divided the monograph into various chapters.

The introduction deals with an overview on the concept of internal dosimetry. A lot of useful information as required for internal dosimetry has been included in this chapter.

Second chapter has been devoted to the dose formalism for internal emitters from its beginning in the year 1956 until International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and Medical Internal Radiation Dose Committee methods. The formalism is explicitly discussed for the interest of diagnostics with the basis for risk assessment in relation to the application of radio-pharmaceutics. Physical and biological data inputs required for internal dosimetry are respectively dealt with in Chapters 3 and 4. The techniques employed to obtain biokinetic data and the importance of biokinetic data in particular for the development of new radiopharmaceuticals are very well-described. The authors have also discussed the differences between ICRP reference Man and Indian reference Man.

Chapter 5 is devoted to the detailed description of anatomical model that is, the age-dependent mathematical organ and whole body anatomical model as well as the voxel or the topographic body models for the internal dosimetry. Chapter 6 describes the Monte Carlo calculations and the results of these calculations, which they claim to be more precise and accurate. The salient features of many widely used Monte Carlo packages and error reduction techniques in dose computation are described in this chapter. Chapter 7, the largest chapter of the monograph is on dose estimations in normal practices, deals with variety of important aspects of dosimetry in nuclear medicine. How Monte Carlo techniques are extensively used in nuclear medicine imaging is dealt with several examples. The final chapter 8 titled "Dose Estimation in Practices Related to Emergencies/Disasters" has been very useful in the management of a radiological emergency like decontamination, accident dosimetry, counter measures like administration of prophylaxis.

In summary, the subject of internal dosimetry has been covered in this monograph in a comprehensive manner starting from the basics like interaction of radiation with matter and ending with the most recent dosimetric models. Clearly, it will serve as an excellent textbook for courses like postgraduate diploma or degree in radiation protection, medical physics, radiation physics or nuclear medicine technology.


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