Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 223-225

Camurati-Engelmann disease with good treatment response to Losartan

Department of General Medicine, M.E.S. Medical College, Malappuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Mansoor Cherumkuzhiyil Abdulla
Department of General Medicine, M.E.S. Medical College, Perinthalmanna, Malappuram - 679 338, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijnm.IJNM_44_19

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Camurati–Engelmann disease (CED) or progressive diaphyseal dysplasia is a rare autosomal dominant inherited condition which belongs to the group of craniotubular hyperostosis. A 24-year-old man presented with insidious onset, progressive pain over both legs, and forearms for 3 years. He was born as the second child of a nonconsanguineous union by vaginal delivery at term without any complications. The clinical, radiological, and histopathological features were suggestive of CED. Transforming growth factor-β1 sequence analysis revealed a missense mutation (c.652C>T; p. Arg218Cys) confirming the diagnosis. He had a good response to treatment with Losartan. CED should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with nonspecific limb pains and radiological features of skeletal dysplasia. Early recognition and diagnosis play a crucial role in management. This case discuss regarding the potential benefits of the drug losartan in the management of a rare bone disease for which the evidence from previous literature is scarce.

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