Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 222-225

18-Fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission Tomography–Computed tomography in the evaluation of the great masquerader melioidosis: A case series

Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET-CT, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pramukh Kulkarni
Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET-CT, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijnm.IJNM_15_20

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Melioidosis is an emerging infectious disease in India. The disease has a crippling effect on the patient owing to its widespread dissemination and complications post bacteremia. The role of 18-fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography–computed tomography (PET-CT) is becoming increasingly important in terms of documenting the extent of disease and response to treatment. Herein, we present cases of two patients who were referred for a whole-body 18F-FDG PET-CT scan with a history of long-standing fever that went undiagnosed. 18F-FDG PET-CT scan was performed to evaluate pyrexia of unknown origin. A conclusion was reached after blood culture which showed the growth of Burkholderia pseudomallei – which is considered to be the cause of this rare but debilitating disease.

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