Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 252-260

Prognostication Based on Texture Analysis of Baseline 18F Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography in Nonsmall-Cell Lung Carcinoma Patients Who Underwent Platinum-Based Chemotherapy as First-Line Treatment

1 Department of Nuclear Medicine, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Sleep Disorders, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Radio Diagnosis, AIIMS, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Rakesh Kumar
Department of Nuclear Medicine, AIIMS, New Delhi - 110 029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijnm.ijnm_20_21

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Objective: Our study aims to establish the potential for tumor heterogeneity evaluated using 18F fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-18 FDG PET/CT) texture analysis in nonsmall-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients who underwent platinum-based chemotherapy to provide an independent marker for overall survival (OS) of more than 1-year. Materials and Methods: A total of 42 patients (34 male and 8 female) with biopsy-proven NSCLC and mean age 55.33 ± 10.71 years who underwent a baseline F-18 FDG PET/CT and received platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line treatment were retrospectively included in the study. Ten first order, 21 s order texture parameters and 7 SUV and metabolic tumor volume (MTV) based metabolic parameters were calculated. All these parameters were compared between the two survival groups based on OS ≥1 year and OS <1 year. Cut-offs of significant parameters were determined using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Survival patterns were compared by log-rank test and presented using Kaplan-Meier curves. Cox proportion hazard model was used to determine the independent prognostic marker for 1 year OS. Results: In univariate survival analysis, 3 first order texture parameters (i.e. mean, median, root mean square with hazard ratios [HRs] 2.509 [P = 0.034], 2.590 [P = 0.05], 2.509 [P = 0.034], respectively) and 6 s order texture parameters (i.e. mean, auto correlation, cluster prominence, cluster shade, sum average and sum variance with HRs 2.509 [P = 0.034], 2.509 [P = 0.034], 3.929 [0.007], 2.903 [0.018], 2.954 [0.016] and 2.906 [0.014], respectively) were significantly associated with 1 year OS in these patients. Among the metabolic parameters, only metabolic tumor volume whole-body was significantly associated with 1 year OS. In multivariate survival analysis, cluster prominence came out as the independent predictor of 1 year OS. Conclusion: Texture analysis based on F-18 FDG PET/CT is potentially beneficial in the prediction of OS ≥1 year in NSCLC patients undergoing platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line treatment. Thus, can be used to stratify the patients which will not be benefitted with platinum-based chemotherapy and essentially needs to undergo some other therapy option.

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