Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 227-235

Fluoro-2-deoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography in the diagnosis and management of adrenocortical carcinoma: A 10-year experience from a tertiary care institute

1 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Histopathology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Endocrinology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bhagwant Rai Mittal
Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET/CT, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh - 160 012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijnm.ijnm_4_22

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Purpose: Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare primary malignancy of the adrenal gland. The present study was aimed to compare the performance of fluoro-2-deoxyglucose-positron emission tomography–computed tomography (FDG-PET-CT) compared to contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) in diagnosis and management of ACC. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of the PET-CT studies from January 2010 to October 2020 was performed. Patients with adrenal lesions suspicious of ACC and diagnosed cases of ACC who underwent PET-CT for staging, restaging, and surveillance were reanalyzed. The PET-CT parameters were compared with the clinical, biochemical, histopathological, and CECT parameters. Results: The study included 96 scans performed in 77 patients (36 males, aged 40.4 ± 17.9 years). Of these, 55 scans were performed to diagnose and stage suspected ACC (30 of them diagnosed as ACC), 31 for restaging, and 10 scans for surveillance of ACC. PET/CT revealed metastases from an extra-adrenal primary in 5/55 patients. FDG-PET-CT had a sensitivity and specificity of 100% and 70% to diagnose ACC. Standardized uptake value-peak more than 5.4 had a sensitivity of 90.9% and specificity of 91.7% for differentiating ACC from non-ACC lesions, while tumor-to-liver ratio peak (TLRpeak) of 3.3 was most specific. PET-CT changed the staging in 23.3% of the patients with an accuracy of 100%. PET-CT changed the management plan in 25.8% of the patients during restaging with a sensitivity and specificity of 95.6% and 100%, respectively. For surveillance, CECT was as sensitive as PET-CT; however, PET-CT was more specific (100% vs. 97.9%). Conclusion: FDG-PET-CT performs better than CECT in the diagnosis, staging, restaging, and surveillance of ACC.

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