Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 113--120

Evaluation of reconstruction algorithms to validate the nema phantom results in clinical scenario – A comparative study using time-of-flight versus non-time-of-flight positron emission tomography imaging


Ajay Kumar, Pearl Jacob, Ankit Watts, Anwin Joseph, Harneet Kaur, Monika Hooda, Amritjyot Kaur, Baljinder Singh 
 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Baljinder Singh
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh - 160 012
India

Objectives: The objective is to standardize the reconstruction parameters for the time-of-flight (TOF) versus non-TOF positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging data and validation of the same in a clinical setting. Methods: The four spheres (10.0/13.0/17.0/22.0 mm) of the PET phantom (NEMA IQ Nu 2-2001) were filled with four times higher activity of [18F]-NaF than the background (5.3kBq/mL). Imaging (image matrix – 128 × 128 × 47, 2 min, 3D model) was done using two different (TOF/non-TOF) PET scanners. Phantom data were reconstructed in TOF and non-TOF modes for lutetium–yttrium oxyorthosilicate and non-TOF mode for bismuth germanate-based PET scanners. The reconstructed data (by varying iteration and subsets) that provided the best image contrast and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were evaluated. The whole-body [18F]-fludeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT scans (7–8 frames; 2.0 min/frame) in 16 lymphoma patients were acquired at 60 min after injecting the radioactivity (370.0–444.0 MBq of [18F]-FDG. The clinical PET/CT data were reconstructed using phantom-derived reconstruction parameters and evaluated for image contrast and SNR of the detected lesions. Results: TOF reconstruction at second iteration provided significantly (P ≤ 0.02) higher SNR (20.7) and contrast (contrast recovery coefficient/background variability = 3.21) for the smallest hot lesions (10.0 mm) in the phantom than the non-TOF system. Similarly, in patient data analysis for the selected FDG avid lesions, the SNR values were significantly (P = 0.02) higher (13.3 ± 6.49) in TOF than (11 ± 6.48) in non-TOF system. Further, the small (≤10.0 mm) lesions were seen more distinctly in TOF system. Conclusion: It is thus observed that TOF reconstruction converged faster than the non-TOF, and the applicability of the same may impact the image quality and interpretation in the clinical PET data. The validation of the phantom-based experimental reconstruction parameters to clinical PET imaging data is highly warranted.


How to cite this article:
Kumar A, Jacob P, Watts A, Joseph A, Kaur H, Hooda M, Kaur A, Singh B. Evaluation of reconstruction algorithms to validate the nema phantom results in clinical scenario – A comparative study using time-of-flight versus non-time-of-flight positron emission tomography imaging.Indian J Nucl Med 2022;37:113-120


How to cite this URL:
Kumar A, Jacob P, Watts A, Joseph A, Kaur H, Hooda M, Kaur A, Singh B. Evaluation of reconstruction algorithms to validate the nema phantom results in clinical scenario – A comparative study using time-of-flight versus non-time-of-flight positron emission tomography imaging. Indian J Nucl Med [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Aug 18 ];37:113-120
Available from: https://www.ijnm.in/article.asp?issn=0972-3919;year=2022;volume=37;issue=2;spage=113;epage=120;aulast=Kumar;type=0